How Often Should Your Pet Be Vaccinated in River North?

The best answer for this question is quite simple: your pet needs to be vaccinated as often as your vet tells you in River North, Chicago. Vaccines vary in that they all last for different periods of time. They even differ in that some brands of vaccines need more or less frequent booster shots. That’s why some vaccines and their accompanying booster shots need to be yearly such as distemper and some can be every three years like rabies.

how often to vaccinate pets in River North

Vaccines are broken into two groups: Core vaccines and Non-core vaccines.

Core vaccines are what every pet absolutely needs, depending on their species. Non-core vaccines, sometimes referred to as lifestyle vaccines, are vet recommended depending on your pet’s routines and lifestyle.

Core Vaccines for Dogs in River North

Below, we’ll go over the core vaccines that your dog should get from their vet.

Rabies Vaccine

No matter what your dog’s lifestyle is like, rabies is very important to protect against. It’s an aggressive virus that can kill your dog, infect and harm your family and infect other pets the infected dog is exposed to. Rabies makes animals uncharacteristically aggressive in order to spread itself more thoroughly as it is spread through saliva.

It will make your pet start biting. Rabies is accompanied by yearly booster shots, which keep the immunity to the virus strong. Rabies is so serious that a new vaccination must be done every three years, with booster’s yearly.

Distemper

It sounds like it’s just a bad mood but it’s a very serious disease that can cause permanent brain damage for dogs and what’s scarier is that this virus is airborne. Dogs will get their distemper vaccine right away, between the ages of six and sixteen weeks old.

It starts with three doses during that period of their life, then they must get another on their first birthday and one every three years after that.

If you adopt an adult dog, or do not give your puppy their vaccine before they are sixteen weeks old, don’t panic! Your dog will need two shots, about three to four weeks apart from one another. After that, a yearly vaccine will suffice for them as well.

Parvovirus

Just like rabies, puppies will need three doses of this vaccine between the ages of six and sixteen weeks. After that, they will get a booster once they are one year old and continue to get a booster shot every three years at least.

Your vet may recommend the booster shot more often. Once again: if you adopt an adult dog, or do not give your puppy their parvovirus vaccine before they are sixteen weeks old, don’t panic! Just like with distemper, your dog will need two shots, about three to four weeks apart from one another. Once that is done, they can get their booster shots as noted above.

Adenovirus, Type 1

This is also referred to as CAV-1 but it is quite simply Canine Hepatitis. There are different vaccines for this, so go with what your vet recommends. There will be a series, just like with the other vaccines and a booster shot once they dog is one year old.

And once you get your dog set up with the initial treatment, they will need booster shots every three years at least. Your vet may recommend more often as this virus is spread through saliva, urine and feces. Just like Hepatitis with humans, the virus attacks the liver and can lead to death.

Adenovirus, Type 2

More commonly referred to as ‘Kennel Cough’ or CAV-2, this is very common amongst dogs so it is very important to vaccinate against. The virus is spread through sneezing and coughing and is very commonly spread through dogs in close quarters, hence its nickname.

Your puppy will need this vaccine between the ages of six and sixteen weeks. If you miss the cutoff, your dog will need two doses within three to four weeks of each other.

Once your dog gets the initial treatment, they will need their one-year booster and a booster every three years or more often depending on their lifestyle and your vet’s recommendation.

Non-Core Vaccines for Dogs

Here are some of the other common, lifestyle vaccines for dogs and when you should get them for your pet in River North.

Parainfluenza

This will cause a cough and fever for you dog and is easily avoidable with a vaccine when they’re between the ages six to eight weeks. It is administered in a series over a three to four-week period until the puppy is at least twelve weeks old, no older than fourteen weeks old.

Adult dogs will only need one dose. Depending on what the vaccine brand recommends, you may need a booster shot after a year, but you will want to consider getting a booster shot every three years regardless, just to be proactive in protecting your dog from parainfluenza.

Lyme Disease

Puppies and adult dogs will only need two doses of this vaccine, administered two to four weeks apart from one another. Tick season is very serious depending on where you live so take this vaccine very seriously. You may want to give your dog a booster shot every year, depending on your region and your dog’s exposure to ticks.

Leptospirosis

Both puppies and adult dogs need two doses of this vaccine, spaced two to four weeks apart from one another. This is a vaccine for dogs around rodents or standing water.

Rodents are common carriers of the virus, which can live in soil or water for up to months at a time. If your dog drinks infected water, it could cause loss of appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, overall pain and specifically abdominal pain and could even result in your dog losing the ability to have puppies.

Leptospirosis could also never show symptoms at all, so if your dog is at risk of being around rodents or standing water, we recommend this shot. Puppies and adults will need two doses spaced two to four weeks apart from one another and yearly boosters (at least yearly) for those living in high-risk areas.

Canine Influenza

Not to be confused with parainfluenza, this is more similar to Bordetella, which is often associated with Kennel Cough. Both puppies and adult dogs can get this vaccine in two doses, spaced two to four weeks apart from one another. Yearly boosters are given to easily protect your dog against this respiratory infection.

Core Vaccines for Cats in River North

Rabies

Rabies has a 100% fatality rate in cats and there is no treatment once infected. We cannot stress enough how important it is to get your kitty vaccinated for rabies!

Your kitten will need a vaccine right away, as early as eight weeks, with a revaccination shot one year later. Adult cats need a vaccine as well and depending on the brand of vaccine, cats will need yearly boosters.

Some brands are able to go up to three years without another booster and the brands are all determined by your state’s regulations.

Feline Distemper

This is a very contagious disease and can cause death in cats, most often kittens. Kittens and adult cats need two doses, administered three to four weeks apart from one another. One more dose is given a year after the final shot of the initial dosage and then is required every three years.

Feline Herpesvirus

Yes, this a Herpes virus, specific to felines. This virus causes Viral Rhinotracheitis, which is a severe infection of the upper-respiratory system or lungs. There is no cure for this virus but it is treatable with medication once contracted.

Kittens and adult cats can get shots in two doses spaced out three to four weeks apart. After the second dose they wait a year for another shot then get boosters every three years.

Calicivirus

This is a very contagious respiratory infection that will can cause loss of appetite, weight loss, joint pain, ulcers in the mouth, and fever. Kittens and adult cats can get shots in two doses spaced out three to four weeks apart. After the second dose they wait a year for another shot then get boosters every three years.

Feline Leukemia (FeLV)

Feline Leukemia is a cancer-causing infection, contagious amongst cats. It also impacts the immune system. Kittens and adult cats can get shots in two doses spaced out three to four weeks apart.

Every kitten must get another shot when they are one year old. This is when the vaccine straddles Core and Non-Core Vaccines as if the cat does not go outside, it will not need yearly boosters. If your cat does or is at higher risk because of its lifestyle, it will need an annual booster.

Non-Core Vaccines for Cats in River North, Chicago

Bordetalla

This is an upper-respiratory infection that is contagious but treatable. Your kitten can get this shot as young as four weeks old. Adult cats will need two shots, spaced three to four weeks apart. If your cat needs this vaccine, they will need booster shots annually.

Make Sure You’re Pets Are Vaccinated When They Need to Be

We all want what’s best for our furry family members. It’s important to stay informed and know how to keep them safe from what they’re most exposed to. We hope this article helps explain why your dog or cat needs vaccines and boosters and when they need to get them.

For all your pet vaccine needs, Companion Animal Hospital of River North has you covered. Call us today or schedule and appointment online to set up your pet’s next visit with us!

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